Barney’s Big Adventure II
Augusta Co / Rockingham Co, Virginia
June 25, 2010
Once again, Barney was ready to hit the road and go exploring. Today, we decided to head down to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and search for Historical Markers to post on the ADV Rider website forum started just a couple of months ago. I’ve had a great time with the WV Markers forum I started in Nov 2008, and decided I’d like to learn more about our neighbor.
We started early
Friday morning (before 6am) and headed out through Philippi, Belington, Elkins,
Huttonsville, then across Rt 250 into
Hope you enjoy the ride with us!
It should be pretty to calculate today’s mileage – starting at 33,333 miles. (5:38am!)
For those of you new to my travelogues, I’ve invited Barney to come along on some rides. He behaved very well on the first ride, so I asked him back. I sure get some funny looks, and it drives my 20-year-old son nuts to see Dad riding off with Barney on the bike. J Isn’t that part of my job description as a Dad?
I love early morning rides. It’s 6am and the misty fog adds an ethereal effect to the countryside.
This is Rt 57 between Clarksburg and Philippi.
More early-morning fog.
The fog makes for interesting light patterns through the trees.
First stop – the Covered Bridge at Philippi. Site of the first land battle of the Civil War.
The first marker I document in VA (James E. Hanger) describes the man injured here during the battle.
6:20 am. View across the Tygart Valley River at Philippi.
After passing through Elkins and Huttonsville, it was eastbound on Rt 250. About 20 miles before the VA border is the town of Bartow, where I photographed two barns (see next photo) in the morning fog. I still haven’t decided which photo is my favorite.
The other barn photo at Bartow.
Near the VA line, we stop for this magnificent view of the mountains.
Same location, but without Barney. This will be in my computer wallpaper folder.
Welcome to Virginia. This is Rt 250 about halfway between the VA / WV border and Monterey.
For quite a while, you are riding through thick forest, when suddenly it opens up to this nice view.
Past Monterey, the riding gets really nice on Rt 250. Barney is all laughs back there!
Our first marker of the day is for a very remarkable man. Talk about “making lemonade when life serves you lemons!”
Remember the photo earlier of the Philippi Covered Bridge?
James Hanger went on to found the J.E. Hanger Prosthetics, Inc., the world’s largest maker of artificial limbs.
was born at Mount Hope, his father's plantation near Churchville, VA. His
parents were William Alexander Hanger and Eliza Hogshed Hanger.He attended
local elementary schools and, in 1859, enrolled at Washington College in
Lexington, VA, to study engineering. He was an 18-year-old sophomore when he
decided to leave school and join the newly formed Churchville Cavalry, which
was under the command of Captain Franklin Sterrett. Two of Hanger's brothers
and four of his cousins were already enlisted with the company, and as he
prepared to join them, his mother packed food and clothing to send along for
her sons. An ambulance corps carrying supplies for the Confederacy passed
through town, and Hanger joined with the group, traveling to Philippi, VA (now
West Virginia). He arrived on June 2, 1861, and after enlisting, spent the
night in a nearby stable with a small group of untrained and badly equipped
Confederates. While on guard duty the next morning, Hanger heard gunfire, and
ran into the stable to get his horse. At that moment, a Union cannonball
ricocheted inside the stable, striking his left leg below the knee.
Hanger's shattered leg was amputated about seven inches below the hip bone. This loss of limb is said to have been the first such occurrence of a war that saw more than 50,000 additional amputations performed. Hanger remained in Philippi for several weeks and then was sent to Camp Chase in Ohio. In August 1861, he was returned to his family home in Virginia in a prisoner of war exchange.
Dissatisfied with both the fit and the function of his above-knee prosthesis, Hanger designed a new prosthesis constructed of whittled barrel staves and metal. His design used rubber bumpers rather than standard catgut tendons and featured hinges at both the knee and foot. Hanger patented his limb in 1871and it has received numerous additional patents for improvements and special devices which have brought international reputation to the product. The Virginia state government commissioned Hanger to manufacture the above-knee prosthesis for other wounded soldiers. Manufacturing operations for J.E. Hanger, Inc., were established in the cities of Staunton and Richmond. The company eventually moved to Washington, D.C.
A brief history on the company’s website: http://www.hanger.com/aboutus/orthopedicgroup/Pages/History.aspx
View of the James Edward Hanger marker in Churchville, looking west on Rt 250.
Just east of Churchville on Rt 250 is the next marker.
Hysteria was rampant. In Staunton—which had never been
attacked before—jittery citizens "hired 13 or 14 men to watch them as well
waking or sleeping ... and some walk around the Court house no doubt to holoo
out when they see the Indians enter the town." West of town Reverend
Brown's mother and sister were "not a little afraid and I think no wonder
of it for there were none beyond her but John Trimble and Finley ... I fear
there is Danger on that quarter."
Indeed there was danger. In September, at Trimble's on Middle River, beyond the home of Reverend Brown's mother and sister, a mile east of Buffalo Branch, and seven west of Staunton, a renegade white man or "half-blood" named Captain Dickson "with a party of 12 or 13 warriors" captured fifteen-year-old James Trimble and "a colored boy named Adam." The boys were trying to catch a horse to plow, and perhaps the Indians decoyed them with a horse bell. Old John Trimble, worried because the horses suddenly ran toward the house, took his gun into the woods to have a look. The sound of the shots that killed him sent his wife Mary scurrying for the woods where she watched as Indians hauled out her pregnant daughter Kitty Estill and hoisted her and the household plunder on horses before heading west.
Even Barney is enjoying the educational field trip.
Just a few miles east on Rt 250 (and just west of Staunton), we turned north/northwest onto County Road 732 to look for the next marker. After several miles of “discovering” new roads that didn’t lead to where I was going, we finally discovered not just the marker, but TWO markers.
Beautiful country road! Suddenly these two markers appear.
The Col Moffett marker is listed at this location, so the Mt Pleasant marker is an unexpected bonus.
Barney’s pretty excited!
George Moffett was born in 1735 in Augusta Co., VA. He died in 1811 in Augusta
Co., VA. He was buried in Old Augusta Stone Church Cemetery. He married Sarah
Martha McDowell in 1761.Commanded Regiment at battle of Guilford Court House.
Capt. March 1776, Major Feb. 17, 1778, Col. May 19, 1778.Colonel Moffett was
born in Virginia in 1735 and died at his home, Mount Pleasant, in Augusta
County, Virginia. He served in the Indian wars and fought at Kerr's Creek.
During the Revolution he participated in the battles of the Cowpens, Kings
Mountain, and at Guilford Court House. He was a Justice of the Peace, a member
of the military court and a firm believer in religious freedom.
Name on an Oct. 1776 document defending religious liberty. Elder of Presbyterian Church. One of the 1st Trustees of Washington & Lee College.
And this is where he lived (just behind me, over my left shoulder as I take this photo)
View of the Mt. Pleasant House from the road.
Several “No Trespassing” signs on the fence, so this is as close as you can get.
The next stop was near downtown Staunton, VA.
He was born in
In 1783 he emigrated to
Dr. Humphreys died May 23, 1802, at
This is the courtyard of the Trinity Episcopal Church where Dr. Humphreys is buried.
It is about 2 blocks west of the marker.
Dr. Humphreys’ gravesite.
Plaque on his headstone.
This was a surprise marker – not on my list. I spotted it as I was heading south on Rt 11
Historical Marker is located on Rt 11 about 2 miles
south of downtown
Wilson was our 28th President, and led the
Under his Presidency:
1) The US entered WWI even though his first election was based on keeping the
2) Womens' suffrage (right to vote) passed under his watch.
3) He re-instated the first military draft since the Civil War
4) He started the first progressive Federal Income Tax
5) He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in forming the League of Nations in 1919 after WWI.
6) He suffered a stroke in 1919 that almost totally incapacitated him, yet he did not pass on the duties of Presidency to the Vice-President Thomas R. Marshall. Few people saw him after the stroke, and the full extent was not disclosed until after his death in 1924. This led to the passage of the 25th Amendment.
To read the official White House Biography: http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/pres.../woodrowwilson
To read his biography on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodrow_Wilson
His birthplace is located about a mile north of the
marker, on the east side of
Plaque on his childhood home.
The next stop was the
This is the view westbound on Rt 250. The Center is to the right at this light and north about 1 mile.
Historical Marker located along Rt 250 east of I-81.
about 5 miles east of Staunton just north of Rt 250. Named for President
Woodrow Wilson, who suffered a severe stroke in the last 2 years of his 2nd
term as President.
From their website: http://wwrc.virginia.gov/
The Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center is the first state-owned and operated comprehensive rehabilitation center in the country. Staff at WWRC provide training and therapy to people with disabilities to enable them to re-enter the work force and live more independently. The Center is named for President Woodrow Wilson, born in nearby Staunton, Virginia and who signed into law the first federal Vocational Rehabilitation Act in 1920, providing services for people with disabilities in industry.
Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center does not discriminate against employees, students, or applicants on the basis of race, color, sex, sexual orientation, disability, age, veteran status, national origin, religion, or political affiliation.
This Center has a 50-year history of assisting persons with disabilities, and has been a constant resource for research and innovation in the field of rehabilitation. It was the first to offer computer programmer training in the nation; it was the site of the first residential Center for Independent Living in Virginia; it established the first head trauma program in Virginia; it was among the first four original Spinal Cord Injury Systems in the nation; and it offered the first computer-assisted drafting training anywhere in Virginia.
View of the
Located on Rt 340
about 12-15 miles north of Waynesboro.
For more on
For more on
Southbound on Rt 340 entering Augusta County.
Northbound entering Rockingham County. Barney’s enjoying the ride!
Next, we headed north on Rt 340 about
5 miles to the area of
Located on Rt 340
about 5 miles north of the Rockingham Co / Augusta Co line.
Together, the battles of Cross Keys (the previous day) and
Maj. Gen. T.J. Jackson concentrated his forces east of the South Fork of the Shenandoah against the isolated brigades of Tyler and Carroll of Shields’s division, Brig. Gen. Erastus Tyler commanding. Confederate assaults across the bottomland were repulsed with heavy casualties, but a flanking column turned the Union left flank at the Coaling. Union counterattacks failed to reestablish the line, and
Here are two accounts of the battle -
Short version: http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va106.htm
More detailed version: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Port_Republic
View southbound on Rt 340. Marker is hidden in the shade to the left. (See arrow for help)
The crossroads mentioned in the marker is visible here. (CR 708)
About 2 miles south of the marker is this roadside informational sign about the Battle of Port Republic.
Some more interesting history on the roadside sign.
After this historical area, we backtracked a few miles south, then headed west on Rt 256 along
the Rockingham Co / Augusta Co line.
This is another marker that was not on my list. Barney happened to catch a glimpse of it as I passed it westbound on Rt 256 about 2 - 3 miles east of I-81. He shouted for me to stop, so I quickly turned around and found the marker in what appears to be someone's front yard, hidden from "west-bounders" by several trees.
From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Caleb_Bingham
George Caleb Bingham (March 20, 1811 – July 7, 1879) was an American artist, whose work depicted his view of American life in the frontier lands along the
This is one of
Bingham's most famous paintings, now owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in
Another interesting site with photos of his work: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WWbirdking.htm
View eastbound on Rt 256. Here, you can see the trees that block the view for travelers from the other direction.
Thanks for spotting this one, Barney!
Located on Rt 256 just east of I-81.
(Turns out this is
not an “Official VA Marker, but one the FFA organization erected)
Excerpts from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_FFA_Organization
The National FFA Organization is an American youth organization known as a Career and Technical Career Organization, based on middle and high school classes that promote and support agricultural education. The organization, founded in 1928 as Future Farmers of America, now states it has over 507,763 members in 7,439 chapters throughout all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the
The National FFA Organization, formerly Future Farmers of America, is a dynamic youth leadership organization that strives to make a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. High school students compete in various events called Career Development Events (CDEs). Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) programs, and Leadership Development Events (LDEs) are programs designed to broaden the students abilities and experience in different fields of agriculture. Students are supervised by agricultural education teachers in cooperation with parents, employers and other adults who assist individuals in the development and achievement of educational and career goals. Today FFA has over 500,000 members across the nation. These students strive for premier leadership, personal growth, and career success through agricultural education.
View westbound on Rt 256
View north of the Marker towards some of the farming area probably used by the FFA students.
Barney was just yelling “Soooper-dee-Doooper” at the scenery! He needs to get out more.
After crossing I-81, we briefly turned south on Rt 11.
About 3 miles south, we came across our next site, the
We’re now about 15 miles south of
Located on Rt 11
about 15 miles south of Harrisonburg.
The Augusta Military Academy was a secondary education military academy in Fort Defiance, Augusta County, VA The school was established in 1865 by Confederate Veteran Charles S. Roller as the Augusta Male Academy and formally became a military academy in 1880. It combined classical studies with a military curriculum and was officially named
An episode of MTV's Fear was shot at The Augusta Military Academy. It was featured on Season 1, Episode 4 and was renamed "
More detailed history on the school's website: http://www.amaalumni.org/history_1.htm
located on Rt 11 about 15 miles south of
and about 4 - 5 miles
south of the
View of the main building on campus.
Next, we started north towards
Located about 10
miles south of Harrisonburg, just west of I-81.
For more on
For more on
North on Rt 11 just a couple of miles found us at the next marker.
located on Rt 11 about 6 - 8 miles south of
Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. His career was noted for his rapid rise to major general and his close association with Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, who transferred
Sheridan claimed he was born in Albany, New York, the third child of six by John and Mary Meenagh Sheridan, immigrants from the parish of Killinkere, County Cavan, Ireland. He grew up in
At Appomattox Court House, April 9, 1865,
The protection of the Yellowstone area was
The M551 Sheridan tank is named after General Sheridan.
The only equestrian Civil War statue in
Sheridan Glacier, located 15 miles outside of
John Philip Sousa wrote a descriptive piece for band memorializing
As we approach the southern edge of
Located on Rt 11 about 5 miles south of Harrisonburg, just south of James Madison University. (Southbound lane)
Gen Stonewall Jackson
is my hometown hero. There is a big statue of him on the courthouse square a
mile from my home. (
From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson...alley_Campaign
Jackson suffered a defeat (his sole defeat of the war) at the First Battle of Kernstown (March 23, 1862) against Col. Nathan Kimball (part of Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's army), but it proved to be a strategic Confederate victory because President Abraham Lincoln reinforced his Valley forces with troops that had originally been designated for the Peninsula Campaign against Richmond. On May 8, after more than a month of skirmishing with Banks,
Bringing in Union reinforcements from eastern
Next stop northbound on Rt 11 – Where Ashby Fell. Just a few miles south of
Located on Rt 11 about 5 miles south of Harrisonburg, just south of James Madison University. (Southbound lane)
Turner Ashby, Junior (October 23, 1828 – June 6, 1862) was a Confederate cavalry brigadier general in the American Civil War. He had achieved prominence as Thomas J. "Stonewall"
Ashby's vigorous reconnaissance and screening were factors in the success of
The Adventure Continues –
located along Rt 11 south of
The official JMU
From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Madison_University
Founded in 1908 as a women's college, university was established by the Virginia General Assembly. It was originally called The State Normal and Industrial School for Women at
The university became the
View of the main campus from the overpass of Rt 11.
Next stop – Downtown Harrisonburg and the Rockingham County Court House
located on the
at the intersection of Rt 33 and Rt 11.
From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrisonburg,_Virginia
Harrisonburg Tourism & Visitors site: http://www.harrisonburgtourism.com/
View north along the
east side of the courthouse - looking north on Rt 11. I remember coming around
the streets circling the courthouse as a kid when we were on our way to the
Nice town to walk around in, although I see Wetzel (sp?) Seed Company has closed it's doors.
After looking around downtown, it was time to take a brief detour east on Rt 33.
Historical Marker located
on Rt 33 east of
From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cross_Keys
The Battle of Cross Keys was fought on June 8, 1862, in
Just a short ride east on Rt 33, then it was north on
Rt 340 towards the town of
Historical Marker Located on Rt 340 north of Rt 33, about 3 - 4 miles south of Shenandoah.
By Virginia Historical Society, William Glover Stanard
Click here for the entire article (Pgs 84-85)
The Adam Muller (Miller) mentioned in Mr. Wayland's essay as one of the Elkton pioneers, was born in
The story of his coming to
Barney kept mumbling something about... "WE were the first settlers in this area." Hmmm......
View to the west of the sign. Yes, I can see why they called this "Green Meadows". (Of course, Oliver Wendell Douglas and
Lisa Douglas would have named it "Green Acres" if they had gotten here first )
Just a mile north of the “First Settlers” Marker is
Located on Rt 340
just south of Shenandoah.
For more information on Page County:
For more information on Rockingham County:
Northbound on Rt 340 entering
Southbound on Rt 340
Entering the town of
I was planning to meet a friend and fellow rider, Pat, at a restaurant here for lunch.
He lives about an hour north in Front Royal.
Barney’s first trip to this area. He’s having a great time.
I arrived a little early to meet Pat for lunch, so I ventured into town to photograph the one Historical Marker here.
located at the junction of Rt 340 and
It's a hard one to photograph since it's up on a hill above a wall, and there is nowhere to park nearby.
From the Luray / Page
County Chamber of Commerce: http://luraypage.com/historic.htm
Stevens Cottage (Shenandoah VA) The original office of Shenandoah Land and Improvement Company during the railroad boom in the late 1800's, later used as a printing office and private school, the cottage was purchased by Misses Mary and Edna Stevens, sisters, as a private residence in 1902. After their death, the cottage was purchased by the
View of the cottage,
located on Rt 602 (
Sign in front of the cottage.
After photographing the marker and cottage, I was ready for lunch.
Cousin Boogy’s – here I come!!
Pat (vatrader01) arrived about the same time as me.
Read all about the restaurant: http://www.cousinboogysgrill.com/
Barney is trying to decide what to eat, while the ladies flirt with him. He’s blushing!
Tony (left) and Michelle (far right) are the owners. Very friendly service!!!
Read about them here: http://www.cousinboogysgrill.com/history.html
Mmmmmmm….. Steak Hoagie with REAL (fresh!) veggies!
Really generous servings, the food tasted great, and was reasonably priced.
Pat got an order of fries, and they brought out a POUND of real, cut fries (with the skins on the ends) Yummy!
Barney was checking out the BBQ sauce.
With a (very!) full stomach and memories of newfound friends, it was time to head west, back home to West Virginia.
First, it was south on Rt 340, then west on Rt 33 straight through Harrisonburg and on to West Virginia.
One last Historical Marker as I was leaving VA and entering WV.
Located midway between Harrisonburg VA and Franklin WV on Rt 33.
Westbound on Rt 33 entering
I don't know what this building is, but it's been there since we came through
here on the way to
the beach in the 60's. No trespassing, so I couldn't sleuth around.
View eastbound on Rt 33 entering VA.
Better view of Rt 33 entering VA. Very nice ride up and down the mountain.
(unless you get stuck behind a truck going 20MPH!)
Next stop would be to fill up with gas in Franklin WV, then over the mountains to Clarksburg.
It was a great day of riding – 480 miles!
Hope you enjoyed riding with us! See you next time!